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bluestar last won the day on November 24

bluestar had the most liked content!

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About bluestar

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  • Birthday 09/11/1956

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    Chicagoland & Southwest Michigan

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  1. bluestar

    Fed Tax cut

    Taxes are due on the product that is taken out of the bonded premises: sold, trashed, donated, whatever. Taxes are due to be paid for the year/quarter/month you are reporting on, depending on whether you are on an annual/quarterly/monthly payment schedule (they will have told you), even though you report production/storage/processing monthly.
  2. The fact that this process seems to change over time is part of what I researched. It is because of various possible reasons. For example, the initial flocculant may actually not be the lowest energy state, just how the product initially came out of solution, which is a kinetic process, not necessarily equilibrium. Since shaking can put it back into solution, it may not go back in the same way as was prior to flocculation, which means if it precipitates again, it may not have the same kinetic pathway, and may form a different type of cluster. Moreover, because oligosaccharides are made up of chains of sugars, they have the similar instability in solution that sugars do, in that they can undergo isomerization reactions and hydrogen-bonding rearrangements that change their isomeric and configurational structure, and then they will flocculate back out of solution in a different form. For those that are not aware, as an example, there are multiple structures of as simple a sugar as D-glucose, and in solution, the two most stable cyclic forms will interconvert continuously, through a linear open form. At equilibrium, there will be about a 1:2 ratio of the two cyclic isomers, with only a percent of the linear intermediary at any moment. Now, imagine that kind of reactivity can also exist in polymers of saccharides, and then if they are in close proximity to each other, reactions might occur that change their structure before they are redissolved by agitation. Subsequently, since they are now different molecules, the may form a different, and likely more stable, precipitate. Finally, the polymer chain itself may break and reform. The reactions can even be enhanced by the bonding energies between the flocculated polymers, and other reactions inhibited by the steric hinderance due to the clustering. All this to say, it is not surprising that the process of redissolving and precipitating again is not fully reversible for this class of compounds.
  3. You can use almost any neutral or schnapp, but traditional is rye for Sweden, potato for Norway, other northern countries might use other grains as well. But grain or potato, so I would avoid neutral from cane, grape, etc.
  4. Agreed, that would be tough to do, even with flaked corn.
  5. bluestar

    Fed Tax cut

    Why do you think the speaker is holding up this legislation? That is not my understanding. It is true she is not a cosponsor, but that is not unusual for the speaker to not cosponsor a bill they might even be in support of. There are 320 sponsors of this bill, there is little doubt that it would pass. Same situation is true of the Senate bill, Mitch is not a cosponsor. But we DO know that he intends to pass no bills at this time. My suspicion is that BOTH bills are tied up in committee waiting to determine if they will be rolled into a single budget bill, and passed as a whole. So, it may die if we can't get a budget bill passed before the end of the calendar year. I suspect the House would be willing to pass it separately if it looks like we will need a CR beyond the end of December. The real problem might be in the Senate.
  6. Both brass and bronze will work harden, but brass is hard to anneal that out, some bronzes may. That also means thermal cycling will further coarsen grain structure in brass, and eventually it might fail. And if you leach out the zinc (which has significant vapor pressure at high temperatures), that's not good. So I probably would not want to use it on a boiler device. On the other hand, it is fine for resistance to corrosion at room temperature, in part because exposure passivates the surface and inhibits further corrosion. Hence, why brass is used for ships.
  7. We find you need about 50% bulky grain/malt in the mix to avoid getting stuck. Can be mixture of grist, hull, etc.
  8. Bronzes can be many colors, including gold, depending on the specific alloy makeup. Bronze can be worked, generally not true for brass. Hence, where machined, like for a manway cover, I guess it could be brass, but I would be surprised if the stillhead were brass.
  9. It is NOT crystalline in any conventional sense. The oligosaccharides are long chain polymers, some branched. Flocculation is a process of condensation, like crystallization. But crystallization usually either means the molecules are coming out of solution as ordered crystallites, or possibly hydrated but still ordered crystallites, the flocculation is a formation of only partially ordered or even disordered mats, flakes, and/or globules of the polymers, often still partially hydrated. The oligosaccharides are generally fairly soluble, but if there are hydrophilic parts, those parts will bond to similar parts of other oligosaccharides by hydrogen bonding, possibly with bridging water; and for hydrophobic parts, those may cluster together expelling any hydrating water. Generally, the oligosaccharides have both hydrophilic and hydrophobic parts, and when flocculating, try to align to minimize energy with each kind of part finding its own. In addition, any residual protein fragments, fats, or oils may also find their way to bind to the appropriate parts. But since the oligosaccharides are often atactic polymers, they can not form crystals, nor condense enough to form a true solid. Hence, their cloud-like, wispy structures. Generally, the flocculants take long times to form, although more quickly at lower temperature. Heating or even aggressively shaking can often resolublize them, although the longer they are out of solution, the more difficult this appears to be.
  10. I doubt it is actually brass (zinc alloy of copper), since the zinc is an undesirable metal for this purpose, and thermally cycling brass can cause it to degrade. Although I guess it is not impossible, if the interior is coated. More likely a bronze (tin alloy of copper)?
  11. We are also 3 tier, but the typical MARGIN at each level is 30%, not the MARK UP, which would be closer to 42%. Hence, typical retailer price on shelf is often double the wholesale price, depending also on state taxes. Typically discount for quantity, or even charge more for broken case or less-than-case orders. This can really hurt sales to small bars, but some distributors will give the full multiple case discount to bars, to get product placed on the back bar as a form of marketing.
  12. Education is a challenge. We have not done this yet, but others have put information on the bottle providing information, which is probably a good idea.
  13. It is a very good video, the only error is they describe the flocculant as being from fats and oils. That is not quite correct, it is longer hydrocarbons (like fats and oils), but generally it is oligosaccharides (long sugars) that may also be partially binding with some protein fragments and many a small quantity of fats or oils.
  14. You make the sale to the state and they send payment, take that as revenue at that time. You take your purchase from the state as expense at that time. You take your sale to the retail customer as revenue at that time.
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