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Jedd Haas

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Jedd Haas last won the day on September 21 2023

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  1. 1. Buy a set of calibrated hydrometers. Store the certificates in a safe place. Note that the certificates refer to the serial numbers of the hydrometers. 2. Take note of the calibration offsets listed on the certificates and enter them in a spreadsheet. 3. Buy a set of "working hydrometers" that are all the same ranges as the calibrated hydrometers. 3. Using a 2000ml graduated cylinder, measure a calibrated hydrometer and a working hydrometer simultaneously. 4. Enter the the measurements in the spreadsheet, and calculate the difference between the calibrated and working hydrometers. 5. Using the calibration offset for the certified hydrometers, calculate the total offset for the working hydrometers. 6. Bear in mind that "calibrated" hydrometers aren't actually calibrated. Rather, you're paying hundreds of dollars for a certificate that states the offset from the true reading. By measuring both hydrometers simultaneously, you can then calculate the offset for the working hydrometer as described above. 7. Make a label for your hydrometer box with the offset for each hydrometer. Enter this offset into AlcoDens when taking measurements. 8. Make a "daily records" calibration form and document all calibrations. 9. Repeat the calibration of working hydrometers as needed, or whenever you get a new working hydrometer.
  2. Many topics, including this exact topic, have been discussed many times on this site. Before asking a question, you should try a site-specific google search, like this: https://www.google.com/search?q=selling+heads+site%3Aadiforums.com Here are a couple previous threads. A couple suggestions, from a previous thread that I was not able to locate immediately, suggested to either: a) sell as charcoal lighter fluid. b) sell to a marine fuel company as an enhancement to "bunker" fuel. Years ago, I contacted numerous marine fuel and alcohol recycling companies. Absolutely none of them had any interest whatsoever in buying heads. One of the few companies that bothered to reply told me they would haul the heads off for free. However, they wanted extensive documentation as to the purity, composition, etc. Bottom line: as far as I am aware, no one will buy your bulk heads. You may be able to sell them in small quantities as charcoal lighter fluid, but to do so you'll probably have to denature them, which will result in additional paperwork and proper registration in Permits Online.
  3. There is another way to preheat. Fill the preheater with the next run. Then use the hot condenser output water to run through the coil during the first run. Repeat as needed for multiple runs. If you use 100' of 1/2" copper you can get a nice preheat. Try 2 of the 50' x1/2" copper beer immersion coils in series. Or you can get soft copper tubing from an AC supply house. More size options and generally more money.
  4. 100 liters is good for a start. Make sure the drain is at least 2" (50mm) or even larger if you plan to distill mash with fruit. It's very easy to clog a smaller drain. The Pischl book is interesting and useful, but there are a number of things he says that are specific to European practice and are incorrect for USA. I also recall reading several points in his book that were obsolete. Overall, this book is focused on very small scale production and doesn't consider what needs to be done for working at a larger scale. Look for the book "Artisan Distilling" by Kris Berglund. A PDF is available free online. Overall, it's a more modern approach than Pischl and more relevant to commercial production. To make good fruit brandy, you need good wine. So you should start reading any wine making books you can find as well. Try to visit some wineries if there are any in your area so that you can learn as much as possible about best practices, particularly regarding mashing and fermentation.
  5. I am not aware of any requirements to use TC fittings. With that said, the answer is likely to be dependent on your location and your AHJ. Specifically, your Health Department and possibly your State Fire Marshal. Those are the entities you should ask. You might also ask other distilleries in your state, assuming you are in USA. Since you didn't provide your location, it's difficult to be more specific. Have you asked your inspectors?
  6. I would like to find some genepi as well. My previous research indicates that it's only found in the wild on the slopes of the Alps and there are no commercial suppliers. I look forward to any updates to my current understanding.
  7. I have used baker's yeast for fermenting "cleaning alcohol." Strong notes of pizza dough were the main flavor characteristic.
  8. Pete, I hope you can post some pics of this evolution of your column system.
  9. I have been having this exact problem as well. However, I am using a different supplier than Tapi. Although it's possible it's manufactured by the same factory. Previously, my bartops had an incredibly precise fit. Easy insertion, great consistency. No problems at all for years. Over the past few years, I started getting a lot of problems. A lot of difficult insertions and once they were in, they were very hard to remove. I contacted my supplier and they suggested inconsistencies in the glass. I also use Piramal glass, but haven't bought any of the glass made in India yet. I decided to test this claim that the glass was at fault. On my next bottling run, I separated out all of the too-tight bartops. Then I measured all of them with a digital caliper, and also measured some good bartops. The difference in the data was clear. The bartops that were too tight were all somewhat larger than the good ones. I contacted the supplier and they agreed to take the overly large bartops back on credit. The story continues. I was later discussing this with my Piramal glass supplier. They also distribute the same bartops that I use. They had some very interesting information. They knew all about the problem with inconsistent shank size and said they had heard about it from several customers. Further, they said that the manufacturer was waiting on a specialist from Europe to come to USA and fix their machine. Hopefully the specialist has long since arrived and the problem is solved. I'll find out when I order again.
  10. Ask your local government building agencies.
  11. The answer to this question is highly dependent on your state and your location within that state. Every state has different rules and there can be far more restrictive rules within cities. Depending on the specific location, it can also be a political question. You can probably build a distillery just about anywhere. Cost will vary widely depending on the specific location and the rules that apply.
  12. Have you tried an anti-foam agent with the malt wash?
  13. There are several levels of difficulty in the distillery business. Here are the first three levels, in ascending order of difficulty. 1. Distilling 2. Regulatory compliance 3. Sales From level 2 to level 3 is a big jump. I won't tell you that distilling is easy, but compared to the other two levels listed, it's by far the easiest part. If you don't have a willingness (and preferably ability) to sell, you may want to reconsider or find someone with sales expertise before proceeding. There are also some other levels of difficulty above the 3 that I listed.
  14. 5.150 refers to liqueurs specifically. It does not specify any minimum alcohol content. You can definitely find liqueurs with an ABV below 30%. For example, Aperol is 11% ABV. 5.151 refers to flavored spirits, which is a different category. Within the text it states: "“Flavored spirits” are distilled spirits that are spirits conforming to one of the standards of identity set forth in §§ 5.142 through 5.148." Not that the range given does not include 5.150.
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